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Human Body and Health

Human Body and Health
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Science Square

Every Human Being has a Human Body. Without a human body, a human being cannot exist. So, to live Human Beings must maintain the human body. This maintaining of the human body to sustain life is achieved by maintaining health.

Basics of Human Body

A Human Body is generally made of the following parts:

Science Class 5 Human Body and Health Featured

Science Class 5 Human Body and Health Basics Of Human Body

  • The Human Body is made up of elements like hydrogen, oxygen, carbon, calcium and phosphorus. The adult male body is about 70% (40 liters).
  • The Human Body has 206 bones. Out of them, the thigh bone is the largest and the middle bone of the ear is the smallest.
  • The Human Body has five sense organs-Eye, Ear, Nose, Tongue, and Skin.

So, to maintain this Human body, Human beings must maintain health.

Health

Health is generally the state of being free from illness for most people. But, later in 2002, World Health Organisation (WHO) defines health as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely an absence of disease or infirmity. “

Good health enables people to enjoy life and achieve the goals they have set for themselves. A truly healthy person not only feels good physically but also forms healthy interpersonal relationships.

A person is said to be healthy if:

  • If the person is full of energy and has its organ functions normally.
  • The person has perfect weight for his age and height.
  • The person can control over emotions.
  • The person is confident in his abilities.
  • The person is free from tensions, stress, and worries.
  • The person is sensitive to the needs of others.

 Physical Health

A person is in a good physical condition has the strength and energy to enjoy an active and happy life. Proper food, exercise, rest and sleep, cleanliness and a clean environment are all essential for healthy living.

 Healthy food

Our body is continuously working. Therefore, it needs energy-producing food. It undergoes growth and development, and so it needs body-building food. We also need food to fight disease-causing germs and infection. In other words, our food should contain all the substances needed by the body for its healthy growth and development. These substances are known as nutrients. 

Nutrients are classified into five groups:

 Science Class 5 Human Body and Health Example 1

Science Class 5 Human Body and Health Example 2

Science Class 5 Human Body and Health Example 3

Science Class 5 Human Body and Health Example 4

Important Ways to Maintain Healthy Human Body 

  • Have a nutritious balanced diet every day.
  • Maintain good eating habits taking care of hygiene too.
  • Personal hygiene maintenance.
  • Take proper care of eyes.
  • Take proper care of teeth.
  • Regular exercise
  • Adequate rest and sleep to maintain mental health.

Recap

  • A human body comprises of head, neck, arms, hand, thorax, abdomen, legs.
  • A human body is 70% filled with water and has 206 bones and five sense organs.
  • Health is defined as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely an absence of disease or infirmity.
  • Good health enables people to enjoy life and achieve the goals they have set for themselves. A truly healthy person not only feels good physically but also forms healthy interpersonal relationships.
  • A Healthy balanced diet consists of the adequate amount of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals, vitamins, roughage and water.
  • We need adequate sleep and rest for mental health.

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Quiz for Human Body and Health

Q.1

Which type of teeth cut like pliers?

a)

Molars

b)

Premolars

c)

Canines

d)

Incisors

Q.2

Which is the disease caused by the action of bacteria on hard enamel?

a)

Permanent

b)

Caries

c)

Deciduous

d)

Old

Q.3

The tooth used for cutting and tearing food is __________.

a)

canine

b)

bacteria

c)

enamel

d)

root

Q.4

It helps in the movement of the body with the help of joints. It supports the body by giving it a form and a shape. It provides protection to the internal organs. What is it?

a)

Circulatory

b)

Reflex action

c)

Skeletal system

d)

Nervous

Q.5

Food exposed to dust and flies gets ___________.

a)

pure

b)

contaminated

c)

fresh

d)

eatable

Q.6

The joints between the vertebrae are called ___________.

a)

ribs

b)

hinge

c)

disc or sliding joints

d)

nerves

Q.7

How many vertebrae are present in vertebral column?

a)

30

b)

31

c)

32

d)

33

Q.8

I control your muscles and all of the organs in your body. I make sure you breathe automatically, ensure your heart beats properly, and remind you to blink your eye. What am I?

a)

Skin

b)

Brain

c)

Bones

d)

Veins

Q.9

In which of the following animals, the small intestine is slightly larger: herbivores or carnivores?

a)

Herbivores

b)

Carnivores

c)

Both a and b

d)

None of the above

Q.10

Name the largest organ in our body.

a)

Kidney

b)

Heart

c)

Brain

d)

Liver

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