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Plants and Food

Plants and Food
science Square
Science Square

There are thousands of different species of plants in the world. They include a great variety ranging from minute ones that are invisible to our eyes to trees that are huge. Plants are basically the starting point of any food cycle and play an important role in the sustainability of life on earth. In order to study plants, we classify them into different categories on basis of different characteristics.

Non-Flowering Plants

There are three types of non-flowering plants. They are:

Science Class 5 Plants and Food

Flowering Plants

There are two types of flowering plants. They are:

Science Class 5 Plants and Food

Classification Based On Morphology

Plants can be classified into three divisions based on morphology:

Science Class 5 Plants and Food

Science Class 5 Plants and Food

Science Class 5 Plants and Food

Science Class 5 Plants and Food

Science Class 5 Plants and Food  

Classification Based On Habitat

Plant species can be classified into three different types based on their habitat. They are:

Science Class 5 Plants and Food

Science Class 5 Plants and Food

Science Class 5 Plants and Food

Science Class 5 Plants and Food

Classification Based on Nutrition

Different species of plants can be classified into two types based on nutrition. They are:

Science Class 5 Plants and Food

Food

Animals have been dependent on plants for food since ancient times. The different food-producing plants produce the following food items which are essential for the sustainability of life on earth. 

Science Class 5 Plants and Food

Examples of Cereals

  • Wheat is ground into flour which is used to make roti’s, bread, cake, Pasta.
  • Barley
  • Jowar
  • Rice

Science Class 5 Plants and Food

Examples of Pulses:

  • Peas
  • Groundnut
  • Beans

Science Class 5 Plants and Food

Examples of Vegetables:

  • Capsicums
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Carrot

Science Class 5 Plants and Food

Examples of Fruits:

  • Banana
  • Guava
  • Citrus Fruits
  • Apples

Science Class 5 Plants and Food

Examples of Spices:

  • Cardamom
  • Cloves
  • Pepper

Science Class 5 Plants and Food

Examples of Beverages:

  • Tea
  • Coffee
  • Chocolate

Science Class 5 Plants and Food

Examples of Nuts:

  • Almond
  • Walnut
  • Cashew Nut

Recap

  • Plants are basically the starting point of any food cycle and play an important role in the sustainability of life on earth.
  • Plants can be classified as a flowering or non-flowering plant.
  • Plants can be classified on the basis of morphology.
  • Plants can be classified on the basis of their habitat into Mesophytes, Hydrophyte, Xerophytes.
  • Plants can be classified as Autotrophs and Heterotrophs.
  • Plants give us cereals, pulses, vegetables, spices, fruits, spices, beverages, nuts.

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Quiz for Plants and Food

Q.1

Potato used as vegetable is ______ part of potato plant.

a) modified root
b) modified stem
c) fibrous root
d) tap root

Q.2

Vegetative parts of plants include _________.

a) stem, root and flower
b) stem, root and leaves
c) stem, branch and flower
d) stem, leaves and flower

Q.3

The plants that grow in deserts are called ________.

a)

Hydrophytes

b)

Mesophytes

c)

Xerophytes

d)

None of the above

Q.4

The plants that complete their life cycle within a single growing season of less than one year is called ________.

a)

biennials

b)

seasonal

c)

perennials

d)

annuals

Q.5

A herb is one having __________.

a) a number of flower and fruits
b) annual growth
c) green soft and short stems
d) woody short stems

Q.6

A biennial plant is one which _________.

a) flowers every two years
b) complete their life cycle in two years
c) complete their life cycle in one year
d) complete their life cycle twice in single year

Q.7

Primary function of stem is __________.

a) bearing and holding the leaves
b) absorbing water and minerals
c) anchorage
d) vegetative multiplication

Q.8

In plants transpiration is carried out by _______.

a) rhizome
b) stomata
c) root hairs
d) epidermis

Q.9

Which part of seed covers maximum space?

a) cotyledons
b) plumule
c) embryo
d) seed coat

Q.10

Ginger is ____.

a) stem
b) bulb
c) tuber
d) rhizome

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