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Human Being and Their Needs

Human Being and Their Needs
science Square
Science Square

Human beings are dependent on few basic needs for living without which they cannot survive. These basic needs are food (including water), shelter and clothes.

Science Class 1 Human Beings and Their Needs

Food

Food is our basic need. We cannot live without food. It gives us the energy to work and play. It makes us strong and healthy. It helps us to grow it protects us from diseases.

Science Class 1 Human Beings and Their Needs

Shelter

A human being needs shelter to protect themselves. They need house to protect themselves from rain, cold, sun, wild animals, etc.

Some kind of houses are:

Kaccha House is made of mud, wood straw, bamboo, etc. Such houses are usually seen in villages or small towns.

Science Class 1 Human Beings and Their Needs

 

Science Class 1 Human Beings and Their Needs

 

Pucca House is made of bricks, cement, wood and iron. It is a pucca or permanent house. There are big, multi-storied building which has many flats and houses.

 

Temporary House is made by people for a particular purpose.

 

House Boats float on water. These houses are called house boats. They are made up of wood. These house boats are seen in Kashmir.

Science Class 1 Human Beings and Their Needs

 

 

Caravan are the houses which move from one place to another. They are built on wheels and, is therefore also called ‘House on Wheels’. Gupies and banjaras live in Caravan.

Science Class 1 Human Beings and Their Needs

 

 

Igloos are made up of ice. These houses are found in very cold regions.

Science Class 1 Human Beings and Their Needs

 

 

Tents are made by people like scouts and soldiers who move from one place to another. They do not build a permanent house. They live in tents.

 

 

 

Clothes

Clothes are one of the basic needs of a human being. Before clothes were made man used to cover himself with skin of animals or bark of tree or with leaves.

Science Class 1 Human Beings and Their Needs

 

 

Clothes cover our body and protect us from heat, cold, rain and dust.

 

Answer the following-

  1. What are are the basic needs of human beings?
  2. Why do we need food?
  3. What do we need shelter?
  4. Why do we wear clothes?
  5. What are the kinds of houses?

 

Recap

  • Human beings are dependent on food, shelter and clothes.
  • Food gives us energy to work and play. It makes us strong and healthy.
  • Human beings protect themselves from rain, cold, sun, wild animals, etc. by building homes.
  • Clothes cover our body and protect us from heat, cold, rain and dust.

 

 

Comments

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Quiz for Human Being and Their Needs

Q.1

During rainy season, which of the following is helpful for us?

a)
b)
c)
d)

Q.2

Which body part help us to see object?

a)
b)
c)
d)

Q.3

Which among the following is used to keep our nails short and clean?

a)
b)
c)
d)

Q.4

This type of clothes are worn during which season?

a) summer
b) winter
c) Autumn
d) Rainy

Q.5

Which among the following should we do before and after having food?

a)

Wash hands

b)

Comb hairs

c)

Sleep

d)

Exercise

Q.6

This is an image of which organ?



a)

Brain

b)

Lungs

c)

Liver

d)

Intestine

Q.7

Identify the organ from the given option:

a) Brain
b) Heart
c) Head
d) Nose

Q.8

When we exercise we build strong bones and ____ .

a) muscles
b) skin
c) stomach
d) eyes

Q.9

This is an image of which type of house?



a)

Flat

b)

Hut

c)

Cottage

d)

Castle

Q.10

This type of cloth is worn during which season?



a)

Summer

b)

Rainy

c)

Winter

d)

Autumn

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